Úhel pohledu, aneb “figura” a “pozadí”.

Nov 2, 2019

Pamatujte, ze kazda situace ma svoji figuru a pozadi. Vychazi to z principu gestalt psychologie, kde “Celek je vetsi, nez soucet jeho casti” (Aristoteles).
Kdyz vidite nekoho nastvaneho se hadat, zamerujete se na “figuru” jejich nastvani, ale pozadi vam muze zustavat skryte (i kdyz vytvari obraz cele situace), ktere vsak muze byt puvodem jejich nastvani (napr. strach, zoufalost, bolest…).
Na tomto obrazku muzete videt budto mladou zenu nebo starsi damu (nazev obrazku je Ma zena/Ma tchyne).

EN: Remember that every situation has it’s figure and a background. It is gestalt psychology’s principle of “The whole is greater than the sum of its parts” (by Aristotle).
For example, when you see someone angry arguing, you’re focusing on the figure, while the background might stay invisible to you (but creates the whole picture), and it may be the cause of the person’s angryness (e.g. fear, despair, hurt…). On this picture you can see either a young lady or an elderly woman (pictures name is My Wife/My Mother in Law). 

Image source: https://www.researchgate.net/figure/The-young-girl-old-woman-illusion-otherwise-known-as-My-Wife-and-My-Mother-in-Law-is_fig4_271842692